Wellness

Sexually Transmitted Diseases & Infections (STDs & STIs)

STD is a deleterious thing

There are thousands and millions of diseases in the world. One is deadlier than the other. Every day new technologies and disease prevention medications and systems are getting produced. The world is moving fast, and so is the cure for many dangerous diseases which had no cure back in the early days.

Just like that, there are harmful and dangerous sexually transmitted diseases that people put very little focus on. Diseases like these get very low attention because they are not often seen or experienced in our near surroundings. But that does not mean that you should not be careful and should take proper precautions.

The disease is a small virus. But it is extremely deadly. Therefore, anything regarding diseases should be handled with proper care and concern. In this article, you will get knowledgeable about sexually transmitted diseases and infections like STDs and STIs.

What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

Starting this article with the most common thing to understand. That is, what are sexually transmitted diseases? This line might not be confusing. Because, of course, you know what it means. Sexually transmitted diseases are infections transmitted from one person to another when they are sexually involved with each other.

Mostly from intercourse. And usually vaginal, oral, and anal sex. But sometimes, they can spread through other intimate physical contacts. Some other sexually transmitted diseases can spread from skin to skin of one human to another. Such as herpes and HPV.

STD

What are the Types of STDs?

Moving next, you need to know the type of STDs that exist to be careful and prevent yourself from catching those. There are several STDs that you need to know to understand the motto of this article. They are –

Chlamydia

This is a common kind of bacterial infection that can happen to both men and women

Symptoms in women include:

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge, which may have a strong smell
  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Pain during intercourse

Symptoms in men include:

  • Discharge from your penis
  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Burning or itching around the opening of your penis
  • sPain and swelling in one or both testicles

Genital Herpes

These are sores in the form of blisters that can appear in a person’s genital area or thighs. You can catch the disease by someone who already has it by vaginal, anal or oral sex. A baby can catch the disease from their mother during pregnancy if they are diagnosed with the disease.

Gonorrhea

The most common sexually transmitted disease among young adults.

HIV/AIDS

HIV is an extremely harmful disease. Its full form is the human immunodeficiency virus. There are several white blood cells in our bodies. Their main work is to fight against infection for us. When you have HIV/AIDS, the disease destroys those white blood cells and harms your immune system.

AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. When you reach the ultimate stage of HIV, that means now you have AIDS. It means you are in a full danger zone. It is not necessarily always the case that if you have HIV, you will have AIDS.

Early treatments and precautions might always lead to miracles. The symptoms of HIV/AIDS are fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throats, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, mouth ulcers.

HPV

It is a group-related virus. There are more than 200 types.

Pubic Lice

Pubic Lice is a very harmful kind of sexually transmitted disease. This happens when there are tiny insects found in the genital area of a human.

Syphilis

A sexually transmitted disease that infects the genital area, lips, mouth, or anus of both men and women.

Trichomoniasis

This is also another form of sexually transmitted disease that involves parasites.

Who is at Risk for an STD?

Although STDs can happen to anyone, some groups of people need to be extra careful to prevent STDs. Because they are the ones with a high-risk factor. Such as,

  • People with the age group of 15 to 24.
  • Females.
  • Females in the minority group.
  • New Partners.
  • Multiple Partners.
  • Partners who have been diagnosed or had STD in the past.
  • Men who have sex with men.
  • Unprotected sexual activity.

How common are STDs?

If you wonder how common STDs are, you would be surprised to know that STDs are very common, especially among young people, due to their active sex lives.

What Causes Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?

There are several reasons why one can get sexually transmitted diseases. But three major factors cause sexual diseases. They are –

  • Bacteria, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis
  • Viruses, including HIV/AIDS, herpes simplex virus, human papillomavirus, hepatitis B virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Zika

Symptoms of STDs in Men

The common symptoms of STDs in men are –

  • Burning or itching in the penis.
  • Pain around the pelvis.
  • You can have infections like blisters in your genital area or mouth.
  • You might feel the burning pain while using the toilet.
  • Regular use of the toilet.

Symptoms of STDs in Women

The common symptoms of STDs in women are –

  • Burning or itching in the vagina.
  • Bad smell from your genital area.
  • Pain around the pelvis
  • Bleeding without period times.
  • Pain deep inside during sex.
  • You can have infections like blisters in your genital area or mouth.
  • You might feel the burning pain while using the toilet.

Diagnosis of STDs

If you want to understand whether you have been diagnosed with STDs or not, then you should visit a well-recommended health care center and be honest with the person who will be taking care of you there.

They might take three kinds of samples. Like, blood tests, urine tests, and fluid tests. (What are Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or diseases (STDs), n.d.)

Treatment of STDs

When it comes to treatment, then there are several complicated ways to treat sexually transmitted diseases. Antibiotics or Antiviral drugs are the most common methods of treating sexually transmitted diseases. But most definitely after consulting with doctors and experts and proper prescriptions.

STD Prevention

If STD is a big issue, then you must also apply the rules of preventing it strictly. The rules of preventing STDs are,

  • Make sure to use condoms that are latex-based while having sex. Use water-based lubricants. Use condoms for the entire sex act. Condoms are not 100% effective at preventing disease or pregnancy, though. Learn how to use condoms correctly.
  • Avoid sharing towels or underclothing.
  • Wash before and after intercourse.
  • Get a vaccination for hepatitis B. This is a series of three shots.
  • Get tested for HIV.
  • Do not get involved in sexual activities unless your doctor says so.
  • Make sure to recheck often.
  • Make sure the person or persons you are getting involved with are also treated.

The Bottom Line

Although sexually transmitted diseases are not very widely discussed in the surroundings. But they are still very harmful and should require proper attention, care, prevention, medication, and treatment.

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Sebastian Henry
When Sebastian graduated as a medical practitioner, he started writing about human health conditions. It took him four years to publish his first work, and since then, he has seen great success in writing. Furthermore, Henry receives contracts to educate people on various websites about health conditions. For example, he recently got a contract job at Fitness and Nutrition radio as a health writer. As a result, he has over 100 articles written about health conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, stress, depression, and cancer symptoms.

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