Health Condition

Migraine Symptoms, Causes, Medication and Prevention

migraine Symptoms

Nowadays, it is prevalent for people to suffer from migraines. The problem is that people rarely know how to identify a migraine or even what a migraine is. Many times, people confuse migraines with other density conditions. Here we are going to tell you everything that you need to know about migraines. Also, we are going to explain to you how to distinguish a migraine from any other condition. Now you are going to be able to identify migraines perfectly by yourself.

What is Migraine?

Migraine is a health condition that causes all sorts of symptoms. One of its most recognizable characteristics is intense density headaches. Other symptoms may be sensitivity to sound or light, nausea, or numbness. Vomiting is also commonly associated with migraines. This health condition often runs in families with no specific age. Migraines are not like any other headache you have ever suffered before. Migraine headaches are usually diagnosed by clinical reports, identifying the symptoms and ruling out other potential causes.

There are two main migraine categories: with and without aura. As we mentioned before, there is no specific age for migraines. Many times, they only show up once the person has reached adulthood. Other times they begin in childhood, there is a wide range of possibilities. Family history is one significant risk factor when it comes to migraines.

Types of Migraine

There are a variety of different types of density migraines. The two most common types are with and without aura. There also are some rare cases where some people suffer them both. These cases are not as rare as you would think.

Migraine Without Aura

This is the most common type of migraine. That is the way it used to be called. According to reliable studies, people who have suffered migraine without aura have suffered some of these symptoms:

  • Headaches that may last from 4 to 72 hours if not treated right.
  • The pain these headaches produce may be characterized as pulsating or throbbing.
  • It is a pretty moderate or severe pain anyways.
  • Migraine usually gets worse when you walk or just generally moving
  • It is well known that migraines may make you sensitive to light or sound.
  • Some people experience nausea with vomiting.
  • Some people experience nausea without vomiting.
  • In some cases, diarrhea may also be another of the symptoms.

Migraine With Aura

Migraine with aura used to be called classic migraine in the past. Other people used to call it complicated migraine and hemiplegic migraine as well. Around one out of four people who have migraines have got migraines with aura.

According to reliable studies, these are the most common symptoms people that suffer migraine with aura have:

  • Some visual issues (which is the most common aura symptom)
  • Some sensory problems are related to multiple parts of the body.
  • Speech issues
  • Maybe a feeling of weakness, which could last up to three days.
  • Maybe some movement problems.
  • Or other brainstem symptoms such as vertigo, double vision, or unclear speech. Among other options.

Usually, aura symptoms may last from five minutes to a whole hour. If you have got multiple symptoms, then they may last many hours. Another thing that characterizes aura symptoms is that they happen on one side of the head. The aura itself will occur alongside the headache or slightly after the headache.

Migraine Pain

Some common words used to describe density migraine pain are pulsating, pounding, debilitating, and perforating. Some people even feel a specific dull, steady ache. Although it may begin as a light pain, it may be a moderate or severe one. That is why getting the proper treatment is essential. Migraine pain usually affects only one side of the head.

That is one general characteristic of it. On occasions, it can also occur on both sides of the head. Some people say that it can also shift sides as time passes. Generally speaking, migraines last somewhere around 4 hours. Nevertheless, if they are not appropriately treated, they may last up to a whole week. As we previously said, getting the proper treatment as soon as possible is vital.

What Are The Stages of Migraines?

The Migraine Research Foundation says that migraine is a neurological disease that affects 39 million people in the U.S. Migraines, which often begin in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood, can progress through four stages: prodrome, aura, attack, and post-drome. Not everyone who has migraines goes through all stages.” The density stages and their symptoms are going to be explained in a moment. Just keep reading, and you are going to find all the information you need.

Migraine Symptoms

We have already mentioned some of the most common density migraine symptoms with and without aura. Intense one-sided headaches are usually the most common ones. Now we are going to talk about other prevalent migraine symptoms. Some people report that their migraine symptoms began a couple of days before the well-known headache even happened. Doctors have given this stage the name “prodrome stage.”

Some of the most common symptoms during this stage are:

  • Depression
  • Food Craving
  • Fatigue
  • Neck stiffness
  • Frequent Yawning

In migraine with aura. The aura itself occurs once the prodrome stage has finished. The aura may cause you specific issues with your speech, your mobility, and your vision. In extreme cases, you may get to the point where you temporarily lose your vision. Another thing you may suffer is the great difficulty of speaking clearly. Once the prodrome stage is finished, the attack phase begins. This is the stage where the actual migraine pain occurs. The symptoms related to the attack phase can last anywhere from multiple hours to even days. You should be very careful with that. The symptoms of a migraine usually vary from person to person. Some of the symptoms of this phase are:

  • Nausea
  • Increased sensitivity to sound
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Pain on one side of your head
  • Vomiting
  • Among others

Once the attack phase is finished, the postdrome phase begins. This phase is usually characterized by the mood changes people usually experience. These vary from happiness to extreme fatigue. Headaches may persist. The intensity and length of these phases change depending on the person. Some people skip certain phases and directly have the migraine, for example. Anyway, generally speaking, these are the typical phases everyone goes through.

migraine headache

Migraine Causes

The definitive cause for density migraine has not been found yet. Nevertheless, some contributing factors are identified as potential triggers for this condition. Some of them are changes in brain chemicals or a decrease in serotonin. Other factors may be:

  • Excessively bright lights
  • Dehydration
  • Extreme weather
  • Excessive stress
  • Excessively loud sounds
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol excesses
  • Hormone changes

Usually, when someone is experiencing a migraine, their doctor recommends that they keep a headache journal. One way to identify what triggered your migraine is to keep track of which foods you ate, what medication you took or what you drank before your migraine began. That is undoubtedly a great decision.

Migraine Risk Factors

“Researchers haven’t identified a definitive cause for migraines. However, they have found some contributing factors that can trigger the condition. This includes changes in brain chemicals, such as a decrease in levels of the brain chemical serotonin.” More density migraine risk factors are going to be explained through the text.

Migraine Triggers

Let’s talk a little bit more about density migraine triggers. Certain foods are more likely to trigger migraines than others. Some of them are:

  • Food additives
  • Alcohol or caffeinated drinks
  • Tyramine. Although this is a special one.

For some people, tyramine is more of a protector than a trigger. Specific studies are being carried out that are looking to find out more about the tyramine effects. We are going to have to be patient with this one.

Migraine Diagnosis

The most common way to diagnose density migraines is by identifying the right symptoms. Doctors usually like to have a family history check, as this could be a potential cause. Another common way is to rule out other potential conditions such as tumors, stroke, or an abnormal brain structure. A CT scan or an MRI usually rules out these potential causes. Many times, the symptoms of a migraine mimic the ones of a stroke. That is why these two are so often confused. This is why it is so important to consult a professional when you have these kinds of symptoms; you never know what could be happening. Causes slurred speech or drooping on one side of the face.

If you have got a headache that:

  • Caused you am or leg weakness
  • Comes with fever or stiffness
  • It comes with difficulty speaking
  • Brought you loss of consciousness
  • Has got an aura where the symptoms last more than an hour

Then you should pick up your phone and call your doctor right now. You may be suffering from migraines. If you notice that these headaches are affecting your daily life, contact a professional immediately. You should always try to give the most detailed description of your symptoms you possibly can. This way, the doctors will be able to identify your problem much faster. Tell them about every symptom you had and how long it lasted. There are many treatment alternatives for migraine headaches.

We know that they can be tremendously uncomfortable and debilitating. That is why you should do something about them the moment they begin. Keep track of your symptoms and try to identify the triggers by yourself. Sometimes the best solution is to change a bad habit one has. Solving your migraine headaches might just be easier than you thought.

Migraine Treatment and Home Remedies

Although density migraines can’t be cured, there are certain things you can do to control them better. There are also certain things you can do to prevent migraines. Your doctor can surely help you manage your migraines and treat your symptoms better. Furthermore, specific treatments can help make the migraine effects lighter. There are all sorts of treatment plans out there. It all depends on the person. Here are some of the factors that are considered when making a migraine treatment plan:

  • The age of the person
  • How often he has migraines, and what type are them
  • If they are severe or not.
  • How long do your migraines usually last?
  • Whether they include vomiting or nausea
  • Other individual health conditions
  • The medication you take for those conditions
  • Which symptoms do you usually present?

Your migraine treatment plan such combine these things:

  • Migraine remedies (self-care)
  • Certain life adjustments, like changing some bad habits of yours. This could be smoking or drinking too much alcohol, for example.
  • NSAIDs or Tylenol as medication. Maybe OTC pain medication as well.
  • Certain prescription medications that you should take every day. Also, some that you should take once the headache starts. This second one will help reduce the symptoms and effects the migraine has on you.
  • Other medications should help with nausea and vomiting.
  • Hormone therapy is required.
  • Other alternatives as well. This could be meditation, acupressure, or biofeedback, among others.

There are certain things that you can try by yourself to reduce the pain from your migraines:

  • Doctors usually recommend laying down in a quiet and dark place
  • To massage your temples or your scalp is also advisable
  • Or even placing a cold cloth behind your neck or on your forehead
  • Specific herbal home remedies might help you reduce your pain as well

Specific Migraine Medication

Some migraine medications can help prevent a migraine. Others will help you soften its symptoms once it happens. OTC medication is usually recommended, but there are plenty of other options out there. If OTC does not work for you, your doctor will recommend you other medications. These alternatives will be based on how intense your migraines are. Also, doctors will always consider whether you have any other health condition.

There is a term called medication overuse headache. This happens when you frequently use any kind of headache medication. People that suffer from migraines have got higher chances of developing this condition. It is something that you have to consider. This is why you should be extremely careful with the medication you take. You should always consider a doctor first. They are going to tell you the exact frequency of medication you should consume. Always remember to consult a doctor before consuming any medicinal drug.

Is Migraine Curable?

“There’s no cure for migraines yet. But medications can help prevent or stop them or keep your symptoms from getting worse. You can also avoid things that trigger your migraines. Lifestyle changes like easing stress and having good sleep habits can help, too.” As you can tell, density migraine can be managed and prevented. It is all about knowing how to do it. That is precisely what you are learning!

Is Migraine Fatal?

No, most density migraines do not produce any lasting harm. One thing that rarely happens is what is called a migrainous infarction. It is basically when you get a stroke while sleeping. Anyway, there is no reliable evidence that a migraine can cause a stroke. In sporadic cases, a migraine can lead to a coma or too severe problems. But you do not have to worry too much about that. Those are sporadic cases, and they should not happen to you. If you happen to feel stronger headaches, then maybe you are suffering a stroke. That is when you have to contact medical assistance immediately.

Migraine Prevention

There are certain things you can do to prevent a density migraine. Here are some of those things:

  • The best thing you can do is to identify what triggers your migraine. Then you are going to be able to avoid those triggers.
  • Hydration is key. Staying properly hydrated has got plenty of benefits that go way beyond avoiding migraines. Staying hydrated may help you avoid a migraine. You should do your research about this.
  • Try to avoid skipping any meals. That is going to help you prevent migraines.
  • We cannot describe with words how important sleep is. A good night of sleep is going to boost your health in ways you do not even imagine. This might be the best prevention you can do.
  • You are quitting smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. This is going to work all sorts of wonders for your health as well.
  • Try to reduce stress in your life. It is also going to help.
  • Meditation or relaxation skills are also recommended.
  • Exercise multiple times each week. It is going to help you lose weight. Obesity is regularly linked to migraines. Take it easy anyways. Starting to exercise too fast could also trigger an unwanted migraine.

Wrap Up

Now you have been appropriately introduced to migraines. You are going to be able to identify its symptoms correctly. Also, you are going to be able to distinguish a density migraine from any other health condition. Rembert that consulting a doctor is always a wise decision. You now know how to prevent and manage migraines much better!

Reference List

  • https://www.mayoclinichealthsystem.org/hometown-health/speaking-of-health/what-are-the-stages-of-a-migraine
  • https://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/guide/migraine-phases
  • https://www.healthline.com/health/migraine#causes

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